Who Manages Escrow Accounts and How Does It Work?

Escrow accounts are managed by a third-party escrow agent, who is responsible for releasing assets or funds only after predetermined contractual obligations have been fulfilled or upon receiving appropriate instructions. Money, securities, funds, and other assets can be held in custody. Escrow accounts can be managed by a variety of third parties, including an escrow company, an escrow agent, or a mortgage servicer. The stage in which the process is located will determine who manages the account.

For example, borrowers who opt for a loan from USDA, VA Streamline Refinance or FHA must deposit funds into an escrow account as part of their monthly mortgage payment. This escrow balance allows the company that administers your loan to take money out of your security balance to pay taxes or insurance. Your servicing entity will determine your escrow payments for the next year based on the bills you paid the previous year. Mortgage servicers are responsible for collecting your mortgage payment, keeping records of payments, and managing your escrow account. When the offer is accepted, the money will go to an escrow account to hold until closing time.

Alternatively, you may choose to pay property taxes and insurance yourself instead of using an escrow account. Not only does the escrow company manage the buyer's deposit, but it may also be responsible for keeping the deed and other documents related to the sale of the home. If you're building a new home, the money may remain in custody until you've signed off on all the work. If you don't use an escrow account, you're responsible for paying property taxes and insurance yourself, so you'll need to manage your budget and pay them on time. If you don't make a tax or insurance payment, Rocket Mortgage will get your escrow account back up and running.

The trust can help a homeowner ensure that the money needed for taxes and property insurance will be available when the payment is due. If you're buying a home, you'll probably hear that the word “escrow” is used in several different contexts. In this case, the buyer of the property deposits the payment for the house into an escrow account maintained by a third party. You can overpay (or less) on your escrow account, which may require an adjustment when it's time for the servicing entity to make payments.